LINES OF INVESTIGATION


LOGICA SOREN ETICA ANALISIS

SØREN KIERKEGAARD: PSYCHOLOGY OF HUMAN ACTIONS AND EXISTENTIAL ANALYSIS.

Field of investigation: Philosophical anthropology.

Description: This project seeks to make a detailed revision of Kierkegaard's work and of his main researchers, not only to go deeper into this Danish author's thinking, but to point out his contributions to psychology of human actions and to existential analysis. As it is well known, through the use of pseudonyms and throughout his extended work, Kierkegaard develops a detailed anthropological analysis to explain the originary states of the human being in his condition of open-to the world, what time after has been named phenomenological analysis. States like anguish, passion, doubt, hope, shame, gaze, faith, etc. are some of the anthropological traits that are studied by this project. The project is linked to the broadest project of the Ibero-American Society of Kierkegaardian Studies.

PUBLICATIONS

(Book) Søren Kierkegaard. A Reflection on Human Existence. (Coordinador) Universidad Iberoamericana, México 2009.

The Subjective Truth: Kierkegaard as a Writer. Universidad Iberoamericana, México 2004. These articles analyze one of Kierkegaard´s main proposals regarding his work as a writer. The main thesis sustains that according to Kierkegaard, philosophy is also a fundamental task of communication, this explains the importance the philosopher gave to literary style, style for which he considered himself particularly gifted. Kierkegaard´s peculiar way of writing using pseudonyms in what he called indirect communication, continuously resorting to irony, is also discussed. Special attention must be given to his work on aesthetics which naturally unites the power of his literary style with his philosophical thinking. This book offers a detailed analysis of several of Kierkegaard´s texts viewed from the key of indirect communication.

Kierkegaard: The Limits of Reason in Human Existence. Publicaciones Cruz. Colección Claves y Universidad Panamericana, México, 1993.Introducing oneself into the work and thinking of Søren Kierkegaard is to penetrate in a philosophical, literary and religious dialogue in which the speakers belong to the most varied times and thinking. Human existence in its most ample complexity is the main theme from which the traditional matters of philosophy emerge. The book presents the principal elements of Kierkegaard´s thinking that help understand his originality and deep sense of man and freedom, which had a profound influence in twentieth century philosophy. The text explains the main categories of Kierkegaard´s anthropology and the stages of existence: esthetic, ethical and religious, in which culminates his concept of human liberty.

"The confessions of a hermit. The use of pseudonims in The Alternative", en Søren Kierkegaard. El uso de seudónimos como comunicación existencial, Luis Guerrero Martínez, Rafael García Pavón y Catalina Dobre (Coordinadores), Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Kierkegaardianos y México, 2010.
This essay´s purpose is to question the reasons that influenced Kierkegaard to use pseudonyms in his first piece of work: The Alternative. This, with the intention of separating this particular piece from the rest of his pseudonymic work and, in general, from his work as an author. The study is structured in two parts. The first one consists on a brief presentation of the book The Alternative and its location within Kierkegaard´s writing. The second summarizes three possible interpretations about the use of pseudonyms in the mentioned text.

"Melancholy as a romantic passion. Werther and Kierkegaard", en La melancolía. Entre la psicología, la filosofía y la cultura, Universidad Iberoamericana, México 2010.
Based on the notion of melancholy as absence, this is, of living in a reality to which one doesn´t belong to, in a society and in stereotypes one does not accept; this essay explores the melancholy of romanticism through the personalities of Werther, created by Goethe, and of Kierkegaard, who defined himself as a profoundly melancholic person. The romantic is not comfortable in this world; he is and is not in it. Melancholy is the feeling of this absence.

"A point of encounter: the reflexive thinker and the critique to academicism" en Søren Kierkegaard. Una reflexión sobre la existencia humana, Luis Guerrero (Coordinador) Universidad Iberoamericana, México 2009.
The current academic world of philosophy has left aside, as did the academicism of Kierkegaard´s time, the role of philosophical activity as a personal experience fundamental for the resolution of existential problems. The objectification of knowledge has transformed what should be a self-defining experience into a commercial product. Kierkegaard´s criticism to academicism is still valid as his acute observations concerning the "legitimate way" of making philosophy in his time serve well the discussion about current academical practices.

Søren Kierkegaard. Action face to the dialectics of existence, en Filosofía de la Acción, Gustavo Leyva (editor), Editorial Síntesis y Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Madrid, 2008.
Kierkegaard insists in several of his writings on the importance of not determining the behavior demanded of individuals, for it is not possible to make a list of "the things to do". Based on freedom, the open character of human beings and in the different circumstances of each individual, he prefers to point out that what is most important is to be receptive of the task that each existential circumstance demands from us. That way, for example, when talking about love he says that one shouldn´t look to describe all the actions that correspond to it "not even one of those actions will be described in a definitive way, luckily. Because what in its full richness is essentially inexhaustible is also essentially indescribable" (OA IX 199). It is possible to demand, as consequence of the commitment to the truth, is an authentic passion for the tasks that existence demands of us.

"Discoursive dialectics in the religious writings", en Kierkegaard and Faith, Roman Králik, Universitat de Barcelona, Slovakia, 2008.
One of the central axes of Kierkegaard´s proposal is communication, more specifically, existential communication. This doesn´t refer to the transmission of objective truths where what is communicated is informative knowledge or a reflection, neither of these require the speaker to take a stand concerning a certain subject or to change his existential parameters. On the contrary, subjective truths are those that require appropriation by the person who considers them. They require an act of freedom and of become an operating determination in the life of who accepts them. Because of these, these truths do not follow and cannot be reduced to the discursive logic of objective criteria which, for the task of subjectivity may easily turn into distraction and deceive. This believes guided Kierkegaard in his search for new ways of communication, many of which were unknown to the history of philosophy. The essay shows the dialectic tension that religious writings must trigger in the reader in order to achieve existential communication.

"Silence as a couterpoint of ethics. Kierkegaard - Derrida:", en Kierkegaard and Great Philosophers, Acta Kierkegaardiana, Vol. 2, University of Barcelona, 2007. También publicado en Revista de Filosofía. Universidad Iberoamericana No 113, año 37, mayo-agosto de 2005.
Kierkegaard and Derrida each offer examples of philosophy as a frontier between saying and being silent. The occasion is the sacrifice ordained to Abraham, he must sacrifice his son Isaac in Mount Moriah. Kierkegaard made, in derridian terms, a gliding in the relation between philosophy and religion in his work Fear and Trembling. On his side, Derrida in his essay "Donner la mort" of 1991, makes a gliding of kierkegaard´s text to new philosophical-literary-religious possibilities. This work presents both glidingss with a point in common: silence and philosophy. In the first of them Kierkegaard takes to its last consequences the distinction between philosophy and religion, very in spite of them and in spite of the Hegelian system and of traditional theology. In the second, Derrida shows the contradiction in ethics when being silent and defending the established power.

"Kierkegaard reader of Schopenhauer", en el Boletín No. 14 de la Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Kierkegaardianos, México, Mayo de 2008.
Contemporary of Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard read and was influenced by the work of this German philosopher. As he dived into his study he discovered points of encounter but also big discrepancies between their biographies and philosophical work. They both condemn Hegel´s philosophical system and criticize the vicious ways of society. In spite these similarities, the main critique that Kierkegaard makes to Schopenhauer is the lack of commitment between his ethical considerations and their actual fulfillment his real life. According to Kierkegaard philosophical thinking can´t be separated from practical life and because of the incoherence that he finds between the work and life of Schopenhauer he labels him as a thinker who sighs behind fame.

The ages of life: Childhood, Youth and Adulthood. Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Kierkegaardianos, México, 2000.
This essay gathers a very present theme in Kierkegaard´s writing: The reflections concerning the ages of life, childhood, youth, and adulthood. Special emphasis is made on the consistency of the position regarding this subject in spite of the diversity of Kierkegaard´s pseudonyms and their divergent proposals. Childhood is considered a time of innocence, unconsciousness and immediacy. Youth is the most valued age by Kierkegaard due to its openness to the demands of life and its impulse to confront existence. Adulthood appears as a more psychological than chronological age where people tend to settle in the world, numbing the existential purposes they once had and, in this way, returning to unconsciousness of spirit.

"Kierkegaard: Philosophy as writer´s calling.", en El garabato Nº 12, México, Octubre de 2000.
Søren Kierkegaard is part of the select group of philosophers that have worried about expressing their thoughts in a poetical manner and who have been able to do so with literary quality hard to exceed. Irony and pseudonyms were the resources most used by this author. Kierkegaard´s irony makes reference to Socratic irony; both thinkers postulated themselves as ignorant regarding a specific subject with the objective of triggering in their speaker the need to take a stand concerning such subject. In another hand, the use of pseudonyms is a brilliant literary resource that contributes to the irony of the text by the creation of characters. Besides this, the use of pseudonyms presents certain difficulties for who studies Kierkegaard. The most frequent problem is: How to distinguish the pseudonym´s ideas from Kierkegaard´s thinking? This question is too complex to be developed in this text but it is, without a doubt, product of the author´s literary style.

(Colaboration in the book) "A point of encounter: the reflexive thinker and the critique to academicism" en Søren Kierkegaard. Una reflexión sobre la existencia humana, Luis Guerrero (Coordinador) Universidad Iberoamericana, México 2009.

(Colaboration in the book) Søren Kierkegaard. Action face to the dialectics of existence, en Filosofía de la Acción, Gustavo Leyva (editor), Editorial Síntesis y Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Madrid, 2008.

(Colaboration in the book) "Discoursive dialectics in the religious writings", en Kierkegaard and Faith, Roman Králik, Universitat de Barcelona, Slovakia, 2008.

(Colaboration in the book) "Silence as a couterpoint of ethics. Kierkegaard - Derrida", en Kierkegaard and Great Philosophers, Acta Kierkegaardiana, Vol. 2, University of Barcelona, 2007. También publicado en Revista de Filosofía. Universidad Iberoamericana No 113, año 37, mayo-agosto de 2005.

(Colaboration in the book) "The role of imagination in The Alternative by Søren Kierkegaard", en Imagen, signo y símbolo. María Noel Lapoujade coordinadora). Edición de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla. México, 2000.

"Kierkegaard reader of Schopenhauer", en el Boletín No. 14 de la Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Kierkegaardianos, México, Mayo de 2008.

"Derrida deconstructs Fear and Trembling". En el Boletín Informativo de la Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Kierkegaardianos. N° 9. México, Mayo de 2001.

The ages of life: Childhood, Youth and Adulthood. Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Kierkegaardianos, México, 2000.

"Kierkegaard: Philosophy as writer´s calling.", en El garabato Nº 12, México, Octubre de 2000.

"Søren Kierkegaard: Existential communication in trivial times", en Revista de filosofía de la Universidad Iberoamericana Añó XXXII Nº 96, Septiembre-diciembre de 1999. México.

“"Levels of interpretation in Fear and Trembling".En el Boletín Informativo de la Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Kierkegaardianos. N° 8. México, octubre de 1998.

"Kierkegaard walks again the streets of Copenhague". En el Boletín Informativo de la Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Kierkegaardianos. N° 6. México, mayo de 1996.

"Two fragments of 1835" (Argumento hermenéutico sobre Søren Kierkegaard). En el Boletín Informativo de la Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Kierkegaardianos. N° 5. México, junio de 1995.

"Poetry and seduction in the aesthete 'A'", en Tópicos, Revista de Filosofía Nº 5, México 1993.

"Kierkegaard´s reflections on the obstination of the hermetic conscience", en Tópicos. Revista de filosofía, año II, Nº 2, México 1992.

"Kierkegaard and postmodernity", en Algo más Nº 14. Universidad Panamericana, México 1991. También se publicó en el Boletín Informativo de la Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Kierkegaardianos. N° 1. México, junio de 1992.

"Lutheran faith and Catholic faith in Søren Kierkegaard´s thinking", en Scripta theologica Vol. XXIII-fasc. 3 Universidad de Navarra, 1991.

"Anguish and freedom", en Istmo. Revista del pensamiento actual Nº 176, México 1988.

TRANSLATION PROYECT IN SUPPORT TO THE SOCIEDAD IBEROAMERICANA DE ESTUDIOS KIERKEGAARDIANOS (SIEK) AND THE UNIVERSIDAD IBEROAMERICA.

Søren Kierkegaard. The Waiting in Faith. Universidad Iberoamericana, traducción y estudio introductorio Leticia Valadez y Luis Guerrero , México, 2005.

Søren Kierkegaard. For a Conscience Examination. ¡Judge by Yourself!, trad. Nassim Bravo Jordan, prólogo de Luis Guerrero, Universidad Iberoamericana, México, 2008.

Søren Kierkegaard. Postscriptum, not scientifical and definitive, to Philosophical Crums, trad. Nassim Bravo Jordan, prólogo de Leticia Valadez, Universidad Iberoamericana, México. Noviembre, 2008.

Alastair Hannay, Kierkegaard. A Biography trad. Nassim Bravo Jordan, Universidad Iberoamericana, México, 2010.

Colection.Kierkegaard´s Papers. The First Diaries 1834 - 1837, Introducción, Traducción y Notas de María J. Binetti, prólogo de Luis Guerrero, Universidad Iberoamericana, México, 2011.

Søren Kierkegaard. Prefaces, trad. Nassim Bravo Jordan, prólogo de Luis Guerrero, Universidad Iberoamericana, México. Noviembre, 2008.

© Copyright 2012. Luis I. Guerrero Martínez. Todos los derechos reservados.
e-mail: luis.guerrero@uia.mx